Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics The search for improved dentofacial aesthetics continues in the modern society. Thus, patients inspired by beautiful faces and beautiful smiles sought treatment methods to improve dentofacial aesthetics and to make positive changes in their smiles. Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
Some reference parameters should be followed to achieve ideal aesthetic results. For many years, these guides are based on the opinions of experts. In this case, special attention should be paid to the studies in which they provide basic information about smile aesthetics . On the other hand, clinical guidelines are questionable because aesthetics is a subjective concept and varies between different individuals and cultures. This fact is a disadvantage for clinicians looking for a treatment protocol with changes in smile aesthetics . Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
How Should Smile Be Evaluated?
Smile assessment is basically done by clinical methods such as x-ray filming. In fact, clinical examination is common in the context of dentistry ; however, it is also necessary to save the patient’s data. For this purpose, photographs have always been the gold standard.
However, the validity of the photographs has recently been questioned compared to the film used to record a person’s smile. This occurs because the smile is a dynamic and complex movement that involves the interaction of several facial muscles that together produce different dentolabial architectural positions. Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
According to Rubin, there are three smile levels or models.
Commissure smile; In this smile, the commissures are pulled upwards, without showing the teeth. The second type of smile is known as a cuspid or social smile. It is used in self-portraits that are revealed globally in social networks. In this smile pattern, the upper lip is pulled upwards to show anterosuperior teeth, spontaneously or not. Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
It often helps to hide patients with negative smile changes (such as gum smile) so that the more reliable analysis is limited. The third smile pattern is known as the complex smile, characterized by the movement of the lower lip and the wide movement of the upper lip. Also known as spontaneous smile (often involuntary), which realistically depicts the patient’s smile design Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
According to Camara, planning a smile aesthetics should be based on complex smile, because social smile may not correspond to reality as it can represent a voluntary movement learned previously. Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
Thus, the difficulty of accurately recording the smile of the patient just in time and with static photos is evident. Also, when the patient is encouraged to smile, the consequences are blocked, because some are funny for some people and not funny for others.
Based on the difficulties mentioned, it is clear to understand that recording the patient’s smile by filming can provide clinicians with more reliable and illuminating data. In addition, the same technique provides other highly relevant information for aesthetic treatment planning: examination of different levels of anterior dental exposure while speaking; Investigation of Techniques Related to Smile Aesthetics
Importantly, the method of filming also has some disadvantages:
- a) The final quality of the frames taken from the film is lower than the quality of the photographic images;
- b) shooting requires more data storage (bytes);
- c) Requires special technical knowledge to film and evaluate.
In short, clinical evaluation provides reliable data through clinical examination associated with communication between clinicians and patients. Likewise, photographic protocols provide compatible smile data, thereby supporting smile aesthetics treatment planning. Finally, gravity proves to be a complete and interesting tool that provides clinicians with dynamic data about their smile and exposure to anterior teeth.